Cinema Hall experience of watching BAADSHAH (1954)
At the outset, Salutes to ‘SHANKER-JAIKISHEN : THE EMPERORS OF HINDI FILM MUSIC’ group for coming up with such an unique ‘Cinema of the Week’. theme that gives opportunity to let your imagination wild, to explore and post anything related to the theme.
Having written enough about Single Screen Cinema Halls, let me take a break and try something different and let me start with Song, Dance & Music in Hind Films.
Song, Dance & Music in Indian Cinema are used as natural expressions of everyday emotions and situations. While seeking to intensify the element of fantasy through music and spectacle, Cinema also reinforces the impression that songs and dances are the natural and logical expression of emotion in a given situation within the film’s narrative. This coincides, to a large extent, to the Indian social reality where music forms an integral part of life itself, whether it be in celebration of a happy event like a birth in the family, or a wedding, or, when the occasion is one of grief such as a death within the home. Music contributes a vital ingredient in the cultural reconstruct of emotion.
Classical and folk Indian music are intimately tied to our feudal, historical past. The essential function of folk music is to glue individuals into a group to perform ritualised functions. Folk music tends to be collectivist, tied as it is, to rural life where functions are collective and songs are sung mainly in groups.
Classical music on the other hand, invokes and celebrates the grandeur of power and aristocracy. Its main aim is to distance the mind from worldly cares and material pleasures in favour of abandoning oneself to the love of spiritualism and of dedication. It is therefore, estranged from the world of reality and consequently, from the masses.
Unwittingly, Hindi film songs have created and underlined democratic values of equality and freedom, of patriotism and secularity, of love and brotherhood and solidarity. No modem musical form from any part of the globe, can boast of such diversity, richness, subtlety and reach as the Hindi film song can. The Hindi film song has cut through all language barriers in India to engage in lively communication with a nation where more than 20 languages are spoken. Whether the film is a family melodrama, a historical adventure, a mythological tale, a comedy, a love story or a thriller, songs are bound to be part of each finished film.
Shankar Jaikishan’s Music, synonym of Indian Film Music, is said to be the ideal adaptive response of Indian culture to the technology inspired that has far reaching impact in India and outside.
“Baadshah” (1954) is an obscure Movie by now. This movie is Directed by SJ Loyalist Amiya Chakravorty for Mars and Movies productions. The movie has Pradeep Kumar, Usha Kiran, Mala Sinha, Hari Shivdasani, K. N. Singh, Ulhas, Agha, Achla Sachdev etc in lead roles. It is Mala Sinha’s Debut Movie and she didn’t have any songs in the Movie .
Pradeep Kumar is a King who falls in love with a young Gypsy woman Usha Kiran . Actor Ulhas who has a hunchback and is some kind of slave, also feels for Usha Kiran. But Pradeep Kumar betrays Usha Kiran to marry Mala Sinha, a Princess and Ulhas takes revenge which forms the part of the story. In the Poster uploaded, you can see the image of Hunchback Ulhas ringing the Bell of Justice.
The Movie which would have been otherwise forgotten is best remembered for its melodious Music & 8 Songs composed by SJ. The song “Aa neel gagan tale” on Usha Kiran and Pradeep Kumar, is beautifully picturized with both sitting at night on the ghats of a lake.
One very rare song from this film and really a nice one, is sung by Aparesh Lahiri-Bappi Lahiri’s father who mostly sang Bengali songs. Apparently the song was cut from the film. Here is the Youtube Link to the song- https://youtu.be/b0uoT4v_Mng
The 8 superb songs are as under.
1. Aa neele gagan tale pyaar ham karen-Hasrat Jaipuri-HEMANT KUMAR, LATA
2. Gul muskuraa uthaa bulbul ye gaa uthaa-Shailendra-LATA- This lovely song had finished 15th in Binaca geetmala final of 1955
3. Jee ghabraaye dil jal jaaye-Hasrat Jaipuri-LATA
4. Rulaa kar chal diye ik din-Shailendra-HEMANT KUMAR
5. Tum aankhen churaao to kya-Hasrat Jaipuri-LATA
6. Le gaye Le Gaye Dil Le Gaya Dil Mere sapnon mein Aaake-Hasrat Jaipuri-LATA
7. Jaage Mera Dil Soye Zamana Mehfil Door Nahin-Hasrat Jaipuri-APARESH LAHIRI
8. Jab Pal Bhar, Chain Nahin paaon re Balam, toh kaise Bitayu Din ratiya-Hasrat Jaipuri-LATA
Hemant Kumar sang just four songs under the Music Direction of Shankar Jaikishan. All these songs were sung in 1953 and 1954 as under:
1. “Ham kathputle kaath ke” –Shikast (1953)
2. “Yaad kiyaa dil ne kahaan ho tum”-Patita (1953)
3. “Rulaa kar chal diye ik din”-Badshah (1954)
4. “Aa neele gagan tale pyaar ham karen-Badshah (1954)
Hemant kumar,though started as a singer,was more into Composing once he came to Bombay. In 1953 and 1954, after singing 4 songs with SJ, he became so busy from 1954 to 1960 that he gave music to about 35 films and in between his contribution to Bengali films also continued during this period. Though from 1954 to 1960, though he sang songs for Anil Biswas, S D Burman, C Ramchnadra, Ravi, Chitragupta, Madan mohan, Kalyanji Anandji, Salilda, S.Mohinder and some others, he did not sing for SJ.
His relations with all composers in Bombay were very cordial and there is nothing on record to suspect anything in Heman Da not singing for SJ. We have to believe that during this period the type of SJ’s music was changing that might not have been suitable for Hemant Da.
Surendra Kumar Batra Very well-written, Shri Venkata Raman G! Excellent analysis of the significance & contribution of dance & music in Indian Society. Great description of the movie.Its unfortunate that the videos of the soundtrack aren’t available. The song”Aa Neele Gagan Tale Pyar Hum Karein” is excellent!
Ashok Ballal Venkata Raman G, you have very rightly said in your write-up that,”Hindi film songs have created and underlined Democratic Values of Equality and Freedom,of Patriotism and Secularity,of Love Brotherhood and Solidarity”. This Excellant sentence is worth Appriciating Hundred Times.Really there is a Great Roll of Hindi Film music spreading the messages of all these Valuable things to the Millions our Countrymen !!!
Write a comment…